大只500平台

小白看過來!組裝電腦必備的硬件基礎知識!

  DUIYUXIAOBAILAISHUO,DUIDIANNAODEYINGJIANDOUBULEJIE,DANSHIYOUXIANGZIJIZUZHUANGDIANNAO,XUYAOMAISHENMEYINGJIANNI?ZENMEPANDUANYINGJIANHAOHUAINI?JINTIAN大只500平台ZHISHIWANGDEXIAOBIANJIULAIGEIDAJIAFENXIANGYIXIADIANNAODEYINGJIANZUCHENGHEYIJITAMENDELEIXINGCANSHU!

  ZUZHUANGDIANNAOZUIZHUYAODEBUJIANYOU:CPU、NEICUN、ZHUBAN、YINGPAN、XIANKA、XIANSHIQI、DIANYUAN、JIXIANG。NEIMEZAIDIANNAOCHENGHUOSHIWANGSHANGMAIZUZHUANGJISHIZENMEPANDUANTAMENDEHAOHUAIYIJIJIAGESHIFOUHELINI。XIAMIANYIGEYIGELAIRENSHITAMENBINGGEICHUGOUMAISHIDEJIANYI。

  CPU

  ZHONGYANGCHULIQI(YINGWENCentral Processing Unit,CPU)SHIYITAIJISUANJIDEYUNSUANHEXINHEKONGZHIHEXIN。CPU、NEIBUCUNCHUQIHESHURU/SHUCHUSHEBEISHIDIANZIJISUANJISANDAHEXINBUJIAN。QIGONGNENGZHUYAOSHIJIESHIJISUANJIZHILINGYIJICHULIJISUANJIRUANJIANZHONGDESHUJU。CPUYOUYUNSUANQI、KONGZHIQIHEJICUNQIJISHIXIANTAMENZHIJIANLIANXIDESHUJU、KONGZHIJIZHUANGTAIDEZONGXIANGOUCHENG。CHABUDUOSUOYOUDECPUDEYUNZUOYUANLIKEFENWEISIGEJIEDUAN:TIQU(Fetch)、JIEMA(Decode)、ZHIXING(Execute)HEXIEHUI(Writeback)。CPUCONGCUNCHUQIHUOGAOSUHUANCHONGCUNCHUQIZHONGQUCHUZHILING,FANGRUZHILINGJICUNQI,BINGDUIZHILINGYIMA,BINGZHIXINGZHILING。SUOWEIDEJISUANJIDEKEBIANCHENGXINGZHUYAOSHIZHIDUICPUDEBIANCHENG。

  PINGSHIWOMENSUOSHUODEKURUI、BENTENG(Pentium)、SAIYANG、SHANLONGDENGZHIDEJIUSHICPU,XIANZAISHICHANGSHANGDECPUZHUYAOYIintelHEAMDGONGSISHENGCHANDEWEIZHU。CPUJIAGECONGJIBAIDAOSHANGQIANBUDENG。

  WOMENZUIZHUYAOGUANXINDEYOUYIXIAJIXIANGNEIRONG;

  · CPUHESHU:CPUYOUDANHE、SHUANGHE、SIHE、BAHE、SHILIUHEDENGDENG,YIBANXUANZESIHEHUOSHUANGHEJIUGOULE,BAHE、SHILIUHEYIBANDOUSHIQIYEFUWUQISHIYONGDE。

  · CPUZHUPIN:YUANZESHANGZHUPINYUEGAODIANNAOYUNXINGSUDUYUEKUAI,YIBANWEI1GEDUOGBDAO3GEDUOYU,BIRUDIDUANCHANPINIntelSAIYANGG1610DEHESHUWEISHUANGHE、ZHUPIN2.6G,ZHIXUYAO200DUOKUAI,XIANZAIGERENPCJIYIBANMEIRENYONGLE;ERGAOPINDEKURUI i7WEISIHE、ZHUPINDA3.6G。

  · SANZHUANGHUANSHIHEZHUANG:SANZHUANGYIBANBIHEZHUANGBIANYIJIBAI,GERENTUIJIANMAISANZHUANGJIUKEYILE。

  · SHENGCHANGONGYI:YOU22NAMI、32NAMI、45NAMI、65NAMI,YIBANQINGKUANGXIASHENGCHANGONGYIYUEDIYUEHAO,DANYEBUSHIJUEDUIDE。

  · SHIFOUYOUJICHENGXIANKA:YIQIANDEXIANKASHIJICHENGZAIZHUBANSHANG,SUIZHUZHIZAOGONGYIDEFAZHANXIANZAIDOUJICHENGZAICPUSHANG,BIRUintelDEi3 i5 i7HEamdDE AXILIE a4 a6 a8,RUGUOMAILEDAIJICHENGXIANKADE,NEIMEBUMAIDULIXIANKAYEKEJIUKEYIYONGLE,DANPUBIANQINGKUANGXIAYAOWANYOUXIDETONGXUEZUIHAOMAIDULIXIANKA,ZHEYANGYILAICPUSHIFOUJICHENGXIANKAJIUBUSHIWOMENGUANXINDELE(RUGUOCPUJICHENGXIANKA,YOUMAILEDULIXIANKA,NEIMEHUIZIDONGQIEHUANSHIYONGDULIXIANKA),WOYIBANTUIJIANZIJIPEIDULIXIANKA,WEIYIDEDONGHUAPIANJIUSHIWANYIDULIXIANKAHUAILE,BUDAIJICHENGXIANKADECPUJIUZANSHIBUNENGYONGLE,ZHINENGMAIYIKUAIXINDEDULIXIANKA,ZHEZHONGKENENGXINGBIJIAOXIAO。

  NEICUN

  MUQIANDENEICUNPINPAIHENDUO,BUGUOHAODEBUDUO,HENDUOBUSHIFEICHANGZHIMINGDEPINPAICHAOPINNENGLIBUCUO,BUGUOYIBANYONGHUHUANSHIXUANZEZHIMINGDUGAODEPINPAI,BIRUJINSHIDUN,HAIDAOCHUAN,WEIGANGDENG。QIZHONGJINSHIDUNHEHAIDAOCHUANSHIZHONGSHENBAOGU。MUQIANNEICUNDEJISHUBIJIAOCHENGSHU,JIAGEYEHENTOUMING,ZHIYAODAOBIJIAOZHENGGUIDESHANGJIAGOUMAI,JIBENSHANGBUHUIMAIDAOJIAHUO。

  NEICUNDECANSHUZHUYAOYOU:

  1, NEICUNLEIXING,DDR,DDR2,DDR3,BUTONGLEIXINGDENEICUNBUKEYIHUNYONG,TAMENDECHACAOBUYIYANG,YIBANYAOPEIHEZHUBANGOUMAI,MUQIANZHULIUDESHIDDR3XINGNEICUN。

  2, NEICUNRONGLIANG,128MB,256MB,512MB,1G,2G,4GDENG,YUEDAYUEHAO。MUQIAN256MBYIXIAMEIRENYONGLE,DOUSHI512MBYISHANGLE,XIANZAIMAIDIANNAOZUIQIMAYAOMAI2GBDE,JIANYIPEIZHI4GB。

  3, NEICUNPINLV,YIBANYOU333,400,800,1066,1333,1600,1800MHZDENG,YUEDAYUEHAO,MUQIANZHULIUDESHI800,1600DENEICUNTIAO。

  ZHUBAN

  CHULEJIXIANG,ZHUBANSHIZHUJIBUFENZUIDADEBUJIAN,TAXIANGDANGYUYIGERONGQI,CPU、NEICUN、XIANKADENGDOUZHUANGZAITASHANGMIAN。ZHUBANZUOWEIZHENGJIZHONGDEGUANJIANBUJIAN,BUDANJUEDINGZHUXITONGDEWENDINGXING,HUANJUEDINGZHUZHENGGEPINGTAIDEKUOZHANNENGLI、SHENGJINENGLI、CHAOPINXINGNENGDENG。YINCIWANJIAMENZAIZHUANGJIDESHIHOU,RUHEXUANZEZHUBANJIUCHENGWEILE“BIXIUKE”。

  YAOZHUANGYITAIJIQI、YAOSHENGJIPEIZHI,WOMENDOUXUYAOJIECHUZHUBAN。NEIMEDUIYUPUTONGXIAOFEILAISHUO,YINGGAIRUHEXUANGOUZHUBANNI?ZAILEJIEZHUBANZHIQIANWOMENXUQIUDUI“XINPIANZU”YOUGEDAZHIDELEJIE,YINWEIXINPIANZUQIANGRUOHUIZHIJIEYINGXIANGDAOZHUBANDEXINGNENG。“XINPIANZU”ZHIJIEJUEDINGZHUCPUDEJIEKOU、XINGHAO,NEICUNDEZHONGLEI、PINLV,YOUSHENMELEIXINGDEKUOZHANJIEKOUHEBEIBANJIEKOU,SHIFOUYOUDUOGEPCI-EXIANKAJIEKOU,YIJIGEZHONGJIEKOUDECHUANSHUNENGLIDENGDENG。

  TONGCHANGWOMENTINGDAODE:IntelPINGTAIDEB75(RUMENJI)、H77(ZHONGDUANJI)、Z77(GAODUANJI)DENG;AMDPINGTAIDEA85(FM2JIEKOUZHULIUCHANPIN)、A75/A55(FM1HEFM2LIANGZHONGJIEKOU)970(TUITUJIZHUBAN)DENGDOUSHIXINPIANZU。BUTONGXINPIANZUZHIJIANCHULEXINGNENGDECHAYI,ZAIPINGTAIDEZHICHIFANGMIANYEBUTONG。

  YINGPAN

  YINGPANSHICUNCHUMEIJIEZHIYI,KEYIYONGJIUBAOCUNSHUJU,BIRUWENDANG、TUPIAN、SHIPINDENG。SHICHANGDEYINGPANPAIZIZHUYAOYOUXIBUSHUJU(YINGPANSHANGDEPAIZIBIAOSHIWEIWD,YISIWEIWestern Digital ),XIJIE(Seagate)YIJISANXING、DONGZHIDE。YINGPANZUIZHUYAODESHICANSHUYOU:

  · CUNCHURONGLIANG:ZHEYINGGAISHIYINGPANZUIZHUYAODECANSHULE。SHUZHIYUEDANENGCUNCHUDEDONGXIYUEDUO,YIBANYOU500GB,1TB(1000GB),2TB(2000GB)YIJIGENGDADE。WO04NIANMAIDEDIANNAOYINGPANSHI80G,XIANZAIYOUYUDAJIAFANGDESHUJUYIBANDOUSHIDIANYING、SHIPINA,ERQIEXIANZAIDERUANJIANDOUSHISHANGBAIMDE,WANGLUOYOUXIGENGSHIJISHIGB,HENDUODONGXIDOUSHITEBIEDA,SUOYIXIANZAIMAI500GBYEJUEDESHAO,JIANYIMAI1TBHUOZHEGENGDA。DANGRANLE,RUGUOYOUTONGXUESHUOBUWANWANGYOU,BUXIAZAIDIANYING,NEIME500GBJIUGOULE,YIHOUSHIZAIBUXINGKEYIMAIYIDONGYINGPAN(XIANGDUIBIGUTAIYINGPANGUI)HUOZHEKECHENGDVD。XIANZAI1TBDEYINGPAN,PUTONGDIAN400KUAIZUOYOUJIUKEYIGAODINGLE。

  · ZHUANSHU:ZHIMEIFENZHONGNEIZUIDADEZHUANSHU,SHUJUYUEDABIAOMINGYINGPANDEZHUANSHUYUEKUAI,XUNZHAOWENJIANSHUJUDESUDUYEJIUYUEKUAI,TAHENDACHENGDUSHANGJUEDINGLEYINGPANDESHUDU(DANBUSHIWEIYI)。PUTONGPCJIYIBANWEI7200rpm,YEJIUSHIMEIFENZHONGZHUANKEYIZHUAN7200ZHUAN;BIJIBENDEYINGPANZHUANSHUHUIDIXIE,YIBANWEI5400rpm。

  · YINGPANHUANCUN:TASHIYINGPANZHONGDEYIKUAIXINPIAN,CUNQUSUDUHENKUAI,DANGRANZAOJIAHENGAO,TASHIYINGPANNEIBUCUNCHUHEWAIBUJIEKOUDEHUANCHONGQI,TADEDAXIAOYEZHIJIEJUEDEYINGPANDESUDU,YOUYUZAOJIAGUI,SUOYITABUKENENGHENDA,YIBANYIJISHIMWEIDANWEI,RU64MB、32MB、16MB、8MB,XIANZAIMAIDEYIBANSHI64MB,SUOYIBUYAOBEIMAIJIAHUYOULE。

  · JIEKOUBIAOZHUNLEIXING:YINGPANJIEKOUSHIYUZHUBANJIANLIANJIEDEBUJIAN,YONGYUZHUJINEICUNHEYINGPANHUANCUNZHIJIANCHUANSHUSHUJU。BUTONGDEYINGPANJIEKOUBIAOZHUNLEIXINGSHIYINGXIANGYINGPANHEJISUANJILIANJIEDESUDU,ZAIZHENGGEXITONGYEZHIJIEYINGXIANGSHUJUCUNCHUDESHUDU。YINGPANJIEKOUZHUYAOYOU:IDE、SATA、SCSIHESAS。MUQIANSHICHANGSHANGJIBENSHANGMEIYOUIDEDELE,ZHUYAOSHISATAJIEKOU,SATAYOUFEN SATA1.0(1.5G/s)、SATA2.0(3G/s)、SATA3.0(6G/s),HOUMIANDAIDESHUJUYUEGAOSUDUYUEKUAI,TUIJIANDAJIAMAISATA3.0DE。

  SUOYIXUANZEYINGPANSHIYAOJINLIANGXUANZECUNCHURONGLIANGDA、ZHUANSHUGAO、YINGPANHUANCUNDA、JIEKOUBIAOZHUNLEIXINGWEISATA3.0DEYINGPAN。DANGRANYAOTONGSHIMANZUYISHANGYAOQIUJIAGEGUJIHUIZAI700KUAIZUOYOU。

  DIANYUAN

  SUIRANBADIANYUANNADAOZUIHOU,DANTAYESHIYINGXIANGDIANNAODEHENZHONGYAODEYINSU。ZHIBUGUOTADECANSHUBIJIAOSHAO,ZHUYAOSHIXUANHAOPAIZIHEGONGLVJIUKEYILE,DIANYUANBUYAOMAIBIANYIHUO,TAYEJUEDINGNIYIHOUXITONGDEWENDINGXING,XIAOPAIZI、DIGONGLVKENENGHUIDAOZHIDIANNAOZHONGQISHENZHIQIDONGBULE。

  DIANYUANTUIJIANDAPAIZIDEJINHETIAN、HANGJIA、KULENGZHIZUNDENG,GONGLV500wZUOYOUJIUKEYILE。

  JIXIANG

  JIXIANGMEIYOUTEBIEYAOQIU,WAIGUANHAOKAN、QINGDIANDEJIUCHABUDUOLE。

  XIANSHIQI

  ZUIHOUYIGEXIANSHIQILE,XIANSHIQIYECHANGCHANGSHIDIANNAOCHENGZAIRENDEDIFANG,SUOYIYIDINGYAOKANQINGLE,YIBANDOUHUIYONGDACHICUNLAIMIHUONI。CANSHUFANGMIANZHUYAOSHICHICUNDAXIAO、KUANPINGBILI、JIEKOULEIXING。

  CHICUNFANGMIAN,DIANNAODEHUAGERENJUEDE24CUNGOUDALE,WANYOUXI、KANGAOQINGDIANYINGSHUANG。

  CHULECHICUN,JIEKOULEIXINGSHIBIJIAOGUANJIANDECANSHU,XIANSHIQIBIJIAOCHANGYONGDEJIEKOULEIXINGJIUSHIVGAHEHDMI,VGASHIZUICHANGJIANDE,YIBANXIANSHIQIDOUSHIVGAJIEKOU,PUTONGTONGXUEDOUKEYIMANZULE,DANRUGUONISHIGAOSHEYING、SHEXIANGDENEIMEHDMIJIEKOUSHIBIXUDE,TATIGONGGENGZHUNBEIDEYANSEJIGAOQINGZHICHI,SUOYIHUANHDMIJIEKOUDEXIANSHIQIHUIGENGGUI。ZHELIZHIDEYITIDESHIRUGUOXIANSHIQIMAILEDAIHDMIJIEKOUDE,NEIMEZHUBANYEYIDINGYAOZHICHIHDMICAIXING,FOUZEJINJINXIANSHIDAI,NEIYESHIYONGBULEDE。

  KUANPINGBILIYOU16:9,16:10,21:9,ZHEGEKANQINGKUANGXUANZELE,YIBAN16:9JIUKEYILE。

  XIANSHIPINDEJIAGE1000KUAIZUOYOUJIUKEYILE。

  CAOZUOXITONG

  CAOZUOXITONGBENLAIBUZAIYINGJIANFANCHOU,DANYETIYIXIA,XUANHAOYINGJIANHOUMAIJIAKENDINGYAOGEINIZHUANGGEXITONGCAIKEYIYONG,BURANJIUSHIYIDUIFEITONGLANTIE,XIANZAILIUXINGwin8,win7,YIBANDOUBUYONGxpLE。PUTONGYONGHUGENGBUYAOZHUANGSHENMElinux,CHUFEINISHIlinuxAIHAOZHE。

  ZONGJIE:YISHANGJIUSHIDIANNAODEYINGJIANJIBENZHISHI,DAJIAXIANGYAOZIJIZUZHUANGDIANNAO,YIDINGYAODUOLEJIEZHEXIEZHISHI,DUOBIJIAO,ZHEYANGCAIKEYIGEIZIJISHENGXIAQIANYOUNENGMAIDAOXINGJIABIGAODEPEIZHIE!DAJIAGANJINXUEQILAIBA!

  WANGZHANMIANZESHENGMING:BENWANGZHANSUOTIGONGDEZIXUNXINXI,JINGONGCANKAOZHIYONG,BINGBUDAIBIAO大只500平台ZHISHIWANGDELICHANGHUOGUANDIAN。CHUYUWEIWANGYOUTIGONGGENGDUOZIXUNWEIMUDE,大只500平台ZHISHIWANGSUOFABUDEBUFENWENZHANGNEIRONGJITUPIANLAIZIYUWANGLUO,WENZHANGJITUPIANNEIRONGRUOSHEJIDAOBANQUANZHUZUOQUANDENGWENTIQINGJISHIYUBENZHANQUDELIANXI,BENZHANHUIZAIDIYISHIJIANJISHISHANCHU,SUOCHANSHENGDEWENTIYU大只500平台ZHISHIWANGWUGUAN,大只500平台ZHISHIWANGZHANJUNBUCHENGDANRENHEZEREN。LIANXIFANGSHI:QQWEIXINTONGHAO2361707007。

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